Managing diabetes is more than just gaining control of your blood sugar level. Too much sugar can cause damage to blood vessels and nerves. Eventually, things can evolve into additional problems.
In this article, we will explore useful tips to help diabetes patients avoid complications that are related to the condition which can lead to improved overall health.
COMMON DIABETES COMPLICATIONS
Diabetes can impact vision and even cause issues such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy.
Years of high blood sugar can affect nerves and blood vessels that take care of the heart. High blood pressure and cholesterol are contributing factors. These complications can eventually lead to heart failure early and eventually strokes or heart attacks.
Diabetes can also affect the blood vessels in the kidneys and their efficiency. With prolonged complications, they may even stop working.
High blood sugar can impact the blood flow in the body and damage nerves. Scraps, sores, and cuts will take longer to heal. Patients may lose feeling in their feet which may stop them from noticing injuries or infections. In some cases, infections get so bad that they may require amputation.
The damage caused to nerves in the body is referred to as diabetic neuropathy, this may lead to pain, numbness, and tingling in certain body parts such as the feet.
Diabetes can also lead to skin-related issues such as itching, brown or scaly patches, and infections.
Since high blood sugar can affect blood flow and damaged nerves in the body since men often experience erectile issues.
HOW TO REDUCE THE RISK OF COMPLICATIONS
It’s important to take your diabetes seriously to avoid what could result in potentially life-threatening consequences.
First and foremost, it’s the most important step anyone can take is to commit to managing their condition by making conscious dietary choices and incorporating physical exercise.
To reduce the risk of diabetes complications you can follow apply these health tips to your daily routine.
Manage your blood sugar levels.
Managing your blood sugar levels is extremely important. Be sure to follow protocols such as taking prescription insulin as recommended by your doctor.
- Before meals – Between 70-130 mg/dL
- Less than 180 mg/dL 2 hours after you start a meal
- Glycated hemoglobin or A1C level around 7%
- Watch your blood pressure and cholesterol. If they’re too high, you’re more likely to get other health problems like heart disease.
- Try to keep your BP below 140/90 and your total cholesterol at or below 200. Your doctor may prescribe medication.
Manage your blood pressure
Similar to managing blood sugar levels, high blood pressure can lead to damaged blood vessels and worsen over time. If neglected can lead to heart attack or stroke.
Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly can help control blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Your doctor may prescribe medication if needed.